Washing hair is a natural every-day activity. We never think of how properly to wash our hair, as we have been doing it from our early childhood. However, there are a number of mistakes that we make during the wash that cause damage to our precious hair leading to a mess on head. Here, with the help of leading hair stylists and specialists, I answer to five very important questions about how to properly wash the hair avoiding damages and maintaining high-quality care.
Question 1. What is the right water temperature for washing hair?
The most important thing to remember (which is more often overlooked) when washing your hair is the right water temperature. I know there are people loving to have shower with water at the temperature closer to the "boiling point", however this kind of "sauna" is not a good treatment for hair. The "golden rule" to stamp in mind is that it is better to start rinsing hair with hot water, to continue rinsing the shampoo with water of a lukewarm temperature and to finish washing with cold water.
Warm water will open up the cuticle tights at the beginning. And at the end, cold water will shut the cuticles, "sealing the shingle-like outer layer, which will cause it to reflect the most light and give off the most shine” (Daily Makeover).
Question 2. How to wash hair properly?
Before applying shampoo, it is important to wet your hair thoroughly. Then, concentrate shampoo on the scalp and massage the scalp for around two minutes. When massaging, be careful not to scratch your scalp with fingernails. Some hair stylists recommend avoid circular motions, which can tangle your
hair (Daily Makeover).
GOLDEN RULE: concentrate shampoo on the scalp and apply no conditioner on the roots.
An interesting tip is to use hair conditioner first if you have long hair. After wetting hair thoroughly, run a small amount of conditioner through ends. It will protect fragile ends from drying out and further damage, as well as "it will fill any holes in the cuticle with moisture, making it smoother and boosting shine”. (Daily Makeover)
Question 3. How much shampoo should be used?
From the advertisements and instructions on shampoo bottles, hair should be shampooed more than twice during a wash. In fact this is a common misconception lead for marketing purposes to reach a higher level of shampoo consumption by people. Indeed, many stylists and hair professionals insist that one shampoo only (about the volume of a hazelnut) is usually sufficient, unless the hair are not extremely dirty (Daily Makeover).
Question 4. How often to wash the hair?
This is another important question that has no definite answer. Many people are highly convinced that avoiding washing hair more than every two days is not hygienic. In fact, the frequency of washing hair depends on the hair type, quality and length of the hair.
The short and straight hair needs to be washed every one or two days, while long and curly hair can be washed once a week.
Hair that has been coloured or processed would need less frequent washing to allow the oil travel down the hair, otherwise the hair will be extremely dry (Webmd).
The stylists claim that the main damages to hair is caused by blow-drying and styling, so more frequently you wash your hair, more you style it and consequently damage the hair. So, better follow this easy rule: wash short and straight hair every one or two days, and the curly and long hair once a week.
Question 5. Should I brush the hair during washing?
This is indeed one of the most important questions and it should be treated accordingly. Hair are extremely fragile and sensitive when wet, therefore any excessive brushing or combing cause damage (Elle). Specialists recommend never brush wet hair, better to use a wide comb in a very gentle way (Hair Romance).
If you think you really need a brush, but you don't want to cause hair breakage, the best is to do a small pre-work before washing - brush your hair before you get into the shower (Pop Sugar). It will also stimulate circulation in your scalp.
Also remember to be gentle with hair after washing, avoid excessively toweling or rubbing. Try just gently squeeze out the moisture and leave it to dry.
Please follow the above recommendations and take care of your hair. If you have any other burning questions about hair washing, please ask in the comments below.